Modern society is unsustainable: biodiversity loss is occurring at an unprecedented rate; anthropogenic activities dominate material cycles, putting upward pressure on resource supply; and the industrial system is forcing Earth’s climate towards the brink of a critical transition, on a scale never before experienced by humans. Facts such as these highlight the imperative for transformational change to the industrial system and also the materials basis of modern society. Traditional materials research approaches focus on improving properties and performance of individual technologies at relatively high technical detail. On the other hand, common sustainable engineering methods such as material flow analysis and life cycle assessment are used to study material and product systems at relatively low technical detail. In this talk I present a sustainable materials system research agenda. This agenda aims to address key contemporary sustainability challenges like climate change mitigation by integrating deep technical analysis of material technologies into a whole systems modelling perspective. I will focus on cement related materials such as concrete: this material is responsible for ~50% of all materials extraction and 8-9% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions, yet also provides unique opportunities for beneficial use of industrial by-products and wastes.
References accompanying the talk
- Lothenbach, B.; Kulik, D.A.; Matschei, T.;, Balonis, M.; Baquerizo, L.; Dilnesa, B.; Miron, G.D.; Myers, R.J. Cemdata18: A chemical thermodynamics database for hydrated Portland cements and alkali-activated materials. Cem. Concr. Res., 115, 472-506 (2019).
- Myers, R.J.; Fishman, T.; Reck, B.K.; Graedel, T.E. Unified materials information system (UMIS): an integrated material stocks and flows data structure. J. Ind. Ecol., https://doi.org/.
- Fishman, T.; Myers, R.J.; Rios, O.; Graedel, T.E. Implications of emerging vehicle technologies on rare earth supply and demand in the United States. Resources, 7(1), 9 (2018).
- Olivetti, E.A.; Cullen, J.M. Toward a sustainable materials system. Science, 360(6396), 1396-1398 (2018).
Par:Dr Rupert Myers, Chemical Engineering: Industrial Ecology, University of Edinburgh
Par:Dr Julia K. Steinberger, Professor of Social Ecologiy and Ecological Economics at the Sustainability Research Institute of the University of Leeds, Faculty of Environment, School of Earth and Environment, UK. Her research examines the connections between resource use (energy and materials, greenhouse gas emissions) and societal performance (economic activity and human wellbeing). She has a PhD in Physics from MIT in the USA, and subsequently worked at the Universities of Lausanne, Zurich, and the Institute of Social Ecology in Vienna. She is the recipient of a Leverhulme Research Leadership Award for her research project 'Living Well Within Limits' <http://lili.leeds.ac.uk/>and a Lead Author for the IPCC's 6th Assessment Report.
Par:Dr Steven Gorelick, Professor, Stanford University, Dept. of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences, USA - visiting professor at ETHZ At Stanford University, Steven Gorelick holds the Cyrus F. Tolman Chaired Professorship in the School of Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences and is a Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment. He runs the Hydro Program in the Dept. of Earth System Science. At Stanford since 1988, Professor Gorelick directs the Global Freshwater Initiative, and his two primary areas of research are water resources in developing countries and ecohydrology. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Communiquer, s’affirmer, diriger, mener à bien un projet, décider…
Au cœur de toutes ces compétences essentielles dans la vie courante et professionnelle réside la question de son propre rapport à soi: l’estime personnelle. Vous sentez-vous régulièrement insatisfait alors que, globalement, votre travail est toujours reconnu, ce qui crée des tensions inutiles ? Etes-vous trop exigeant à votre égard, ce qui limite votre créativité ? Avez-vous tendance à vous déprécier, vous plaçant souvent en position de défense et réagissant trop émotionnellement ? Peut-être aurez-vous alors envie de trouver des pistes pour développer, réparer, protéger votre estime personnelle.
CISBAT 2019 Conference "Climate Resilient Cities - Energy Efficiency & Renewables in the Digital Era"
Created to further energy efficiency and the use of renewables in the built environment, the international CISBAT conference offers a dynamic scientific exchange platform in fields ranging from nanostructured materials for renewable energy applications to urban energy systems.
The conference bi-annually assembles two to three hundred scientists from universities and companies around the world at EPFL, with the financial support of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy. Academic partners of the conference are specialists from the University of Cambridge and the MIT as well as the Swiss chapter of the International Building Performance Simulation Association IBPSA, backed by a strong international scientific committee. CISBAT also serves as an official platform of the Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research (SCCER) "Future Energy Efficient Buildings & Districts" (FEEB&D)
- Smart materials for building envelopes (micro- and nanotechnologies)
- Climate resilient buildings (ecobuildings, retrofit, performance gap)
- Daylighting & electric lighting (human centric & green lighting)
- Human & building interaction (user centered systems, behavioral aspects)
- Building simulation & ICT (design, optimisation, analysis) – IBPSA special session
- Renewable energy in the built environment (electricity, heating and cooling)
- Smart buildings & districts (predictive & adaptive control)
- Data driven methods for the built environment (regional planning, big data and machine learning)
- Urban climate modelling (building energy demand, outdoor comfort, urban planning)
- Distributed energy systems (urban energy hubs)